Although the figures that the autor shows us in the text, about the increase of the middle class in China and India. And how in today’s post-recession, cost-competitve environment, Asian countries like India and China have positionated themselves as the natural heirs to U.S. economic domiance. However, as Americans and Europeans look east, fretting aboout China’s economic outlook amidst rising debt, stagnating wages, and excess suply with weakened demand, changes are happening in South and Central America that could potentially have a game-changing impact on the economic landscape of the twenty-first century.

Economic indicators are often viwed short-term, and to see why South America is unequily positioned to assume a leading role in the economics of the twenty-first century, it’s important to look a longer term indicators that are slighty, but which a great punch over the long run.

While the economic paths chosen by countries must be sustainable in order to achieve any lasting econmic power, development in Asia has largely placed such concerns in a subordinate position to rapid economic growth. Indian coal-fired rapid growth has resulted in pollution so pervasive that the average Indian’s lung capacity is about 30% than that of average Europeans. China, as well, has calculated that economic advancement is worth plundering its own resources and fouling its own water and air. Though China has recently passed a number of product safety laws, including a stingent food safety law in June of 2015, it is unproven yet.

Another measure of long-term economic health is the ability of a nation to feed its people, and still be left with enough produts for exports. A great advantage that South America has over Asia is that there are more South American countries with a biocapacity surplus that is, they have more productive land and water than is needed by their population. The world is suffering economically right now, and South America, naturally, has its share of woes and worries, and an extra serving of growing pains. But the region is rich in natural resources, and is emerging cautiosly onti the economic stage. The road will be long and winding, but as other countries find themselves pressed for resources, this is the region that will be in a position to provide them.

In another hand, fo no one is a secret that economy, power and language are linked by hand. Actually Mandarin should be by now the world’s most important language, it has the most speakers, its position is boosted by an upcoming economic superpower at the cost of plundering its own resources, but Mandarin at the same time is still a less commontly taught language. Faar more people learn Spanish, French or even Russian and Japanise than Mandarin.

It looks like, Mandarin is difficult to learn and the time investment it requires to learn Mandarin at business fluency level is a way more than you need to get to the same level than in Spanish, the difficulty learning a language also plays an important role in the business world, where everything moves very fast, and we have to be realistic, the business worls is interested in what is faster affordable and where less time and money can be spent to train satff. If Chinese hasn’t been able to gain much traction, it looks like it won’t make it in the near future either.

Chinese speaker are concentrated in 2 or 3 countries, Sapnish is the official language of more than 20 countries. Moreover, the fertility rate of Chins is low, lower than that of most countries in South America. China is below the replacement level 1.2 children/mother.

Which means that the number of Spanish Speakers in the future is on the rise, while the number of Chinese speakers is going to decrease or at best stabilize. Also we have to take into account that these people have emigrated to different parts of the world searching a better future, which they did not find in their countries of origin (China or India) and how they struggle to stay in develeped countries and never return to their countries of origin. Currently the migration of the population of South America is towards the same continent, and few people are moving to Europe or Notth America, it means that living conditions in South America have improved drastically, proof of this is that we see more and more Europeans living in South America, while the majority of migrants in the world still remain Asian population.

Spanish is the most important language of the U.S.A after English, which is the most powerful country in the world and has a lot of cultural influence across the globe. An like a natrual process is not hard to think that English and Spanish will merge into a new fused language in the future, thanks to angloamerican-southamerican migration. To the average oserver, it may seem as if the Spanish language is secure in the U.S. After all, there are now even more Spanish speakers in the states than in Spain.

In conclusion sheer numbers do not necessarily tell the true story about anything, there are probably more who speak Mandarin, but in terms of geogra´hy and business purpouses, English is more widely spoken, also we have to take into account the changes that has has English overtime, has been adapting, which I have not seen with the Mandarin. But you can see changes in the Spanish with th new foreign words that have been adapted. The Spanish has adapted to changes as well, if a language does not conform to the changes is doomed to dissapear.


De Karen para Selene y cuántas veces sea necesario….

Bogotá, lunes 17 de Octubre de 2017.

Querida Selene:

Te seguiré escribiendo, cuántas veces sea necesario, te conozco mejor que cualquier otra persona, nadie tiene tanto conocimiento del valor que tienes como mujer, que yo tengo sobre tí. Así muchas personas te digan, que dejaste que ése mal hombre te pisoteara, no te sientas mal y no prestes atención, así ellos no crean en la retribución, crean que hay que actuar egoísta, te felicito, lejos de ser una víctima, tienes una calidad, que esté mundo ha perdido, la generosidad, la verdadera ayuda hacia el prójimo, no te has dejado contaminar para actuar de la misma forma que lo harían las personas del común.

Eres tan excepcional, que dudo que él pueda conseguir a una gran mujer como tú, tus amigos deberían sentirse afortunados, por tener a alguien como tú en sus vidas, por personas como tú es que yo digo que vale la pena creer.

Mi bella Selene, eres tan dulce….decirte que eres la mejor parte de mí, es poco, no te apresures, tú seguramente encontrarás a alguien que valoré lo que te hace una gran mujer, encontrarás la felicidad, porque también tienes una fortaleza para salir adelante que pocos tienen, olvidé mencionar tú gran espíritu, el entusiasmo y la creatividad que posees.

Eres afortunada porque ese pseudo hombre, no logró robar tu brillo, ni tú belleza, el perdió, tú ganaste porque se alejó de tí….también su forma de actuar, te mostró que no te convenía, tiene baja autoestima, es un ser inferior….no logró envolverte y no perdiste tu tiempo esperando, como sí le pasó a su ex novia.

Soy la única persona que te conoce y te ve de forma objetiva, así que a la única que tienes que escuchar, es a mí….

Unconditional love.

Many time ago, I read a story that leads to reflection, I’ll write it here, because to me it’s important helping to reflection with a good story.


collected on the Internet, 1998.

A story is told about a soldier who was finally coming home after having fought in Vietnam. He called his parents from San Francisco. “Mom, and Dad, I’m coming home, but I’ve a favor to ask. I have a friend I’d like to bring home with me”.

“Sure,” they replied, “we’d love to meet him”.

“There’s something you should know” the son continued, “he was hurt pretty badly in the fighting. He stepped on a land mine and lost an arm and a leg. He has nowhere else to go, and I want him to come live with us.”

“I’m sorry to hear that, son. Maybe we can help him find somewhere to live.”

“No, Mom and Dad, I want him to live with us.”

“Son,” said the father, “you don’t know what you’re asking. Someone with such a handicap would be a terrible burden on us. We have our own lives to live, and we can’t let something like this interfere with our lives. I think you should just come home and forget about this guy. He’ll find a way to live on his own.”

At that point, the son hung up the phone. The parents heard nothing more from him. A few days later, however, they received a call from the San Francisco police. Their son had died after falling from a building, they were told. The police believed it was suicide.

The grief-stricken parents flew to San Francisco and were taken to the city morgue to identify the body of their son. They recognized him, but to their horror they also discovered something they didn’t know, their son had only one arm and one leg.


Legend about cats

I love cats, I find quite interesting them as pets, many say that my cat is lucky because I adopted her, but what they don’t know is that she rediscovered me.

I will write an old Norse legend that I heard many time ago about cats.


Within the traditions of the ancient Nordic folks is the worship of goddess Freya, she was one of the leaders within the matriarchal goddess of a cult that surrendered to her mainly in Sweden and Norway. Belonging to the valkyries she was a warrior and Odin’s wife.

This cult was rather associated with orgiastic and erotic also with the love, lust and beauty. It was said she was the most beautiful of existing goddesses, she was drawing with a wreath on her head, she was in charge of distributing the dew on the fields every morning.

She reigned over life, death, love, magic and animals, especially cats.

Her main skill was flying and she did in a chariot across the sky at high speed driven by two cats: Bygul (golden bee) and Trjegul (tree golden amber).

These cats were responsible for carrying the goddess from one place to another. It’s said that they were so big and strong that one day the great Thor god thunder and ligthining wanted to rise in his arms one of these cats and it was impossible to him peel it off the ground.



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Something to think

The colonized thought falls rendered against a French educated and liberal and it treat distasteful to an Arab custodian of five thousand years of culture.
The colonized thought says that all deaths are equal but the deaths in Nigeria -occurred about the same time that in Paris- they go unnoticed.
The colonized thinking has more confidence in what they say in France Press or CNN than what simply is in sight.
The colonized thought never ever consider to Al Jazeera or other non-Europeans and US agencies.
The colonized thought considers great mock the daily tragedy that live bombed villages, invaded and subdued. That would be for the colonized thought, freedom of expression.
The colonized thought considers primitive religious diversity, non-Eurocentric cultures and all forms of nationalism. Modern is cosmopolitan and global.
The colonized thought leaves, sometimes, a place of compassion for those poor brutes who don’t understand the privilege of being massacred in the name of progress.


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An unexpected love

I don’t know what’s your breed, I immediately fell in love with you, at the first moment I understood that I had to be a responsible owner that despite the difficulties, even if you make me angry sometimes with some of your mischief, you will never go back living on the streets.

There have been 12 wonderful years, where you have surprised me in the middle of my thoughts with your silent presence, you’ve always set the pace, when you want a caress, you come to me and you let me slide my hand down your back, and when you want to be alone, you just hide yourself.

You are enigmatic, but I know you’re more reliable and secure as a friend than most humans than I know, the deep blue of your eyes, reflects the soul purity and when I lose hope, I like to watch your eyes.

Have been so wonderful moments that I continue sharing with you, therefore I can’t understand people who buy purebred animals and then they leave them, I couldn’t feel anything different to condemnation to them, because from the first moment I adopted you I knew the consequences, so I never thought to sell or abandon you.

I invite people to don’t buy purebred animals to left them on the street, if you’re not aware about the responsibility that comes when you adopt a pet, don’t adopt, let people who want to be responsible owners adopting and continue making a difference.


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