Although the figures that the autor shows us in the text, about the increase of the middle class in China and India. And how in today’s post-recession, cost-competitve environment, Asian countries like India and China have positionated themselves as the natural heirs to U.S. economic domiance. However, as Americans and Europeans look east, fretting aboout China’s economic outlook amidst rising debt, stagnating wages, and excess suply with weakened demand, changes are happening in South and Central America that could potentially have a game-changing impact on the economic landscape of the twenty-first century.
Economic indicators are often viwed short-term, and to see why South America is unequily positioned to assume a leading role in the economics of the twenty-first century, it’s important to look a longer term indicators that are slighty, but which a great punch over the long run.
While the economic paths chosen by countries must be sustainable in order to achieve any lasting econmic power, development in Asia has largely placed such concerns in a subordinate position to rapid economic growth. Indian coal-fired rapid growth has resulted in pollution so pervasive that the average Indian’s lung capacity is about 30% than that of average Europeans. China, as well, has calculated that economic advancement is worth plundering its own resources and fouling its own water and air. Though China has recently passed a number of product safety laws, including a stingent food safety law in June of 2015, it is unproven yet.
Another measure of long-term economic health is the ability of a nation to feed its people, and still be left with enough produts for exports. A great advantage that South America has over Asia is that there are more South American countries with a biocapacity surplus that is, they have more productive land and water than is needed by their population. The world is suffering economically right now, and South America, naturally, has its share of woes and worries, and an extra serving of growing pains. But the region is rich in natural resources, and is emerging cautiosly onti the economic stage. The road will be long and winding, but as other countries find themselves pressed for resources, this is the region that will be in a position to provide them.
In another hand, fo no one is a secret that economy, power and language are linked by hand. Actually Mandarin should be by now the world’s most important language, it has the most speakers, its position is boosted by an upcoming economic superpower at the cost of plundering its own resources, but Mandarin at the same time is still a less commontly taught language. Faar more people learn Spanish, French or even Russian and Japanise than Mandarin.
It looks like, Mandarin is difficult to learn and the time investment it requires to learn Mandarin at business fluency level is a way more than you need to get to the same level than in Spanish, the difficulty learning a language also plays an important role in the business world, where everything moves very fast, and we have to be realistic, the business worls is interested in what is faster affordable and where less time and money can be spent to train satff. If Chinese hasn’t been able to gain much traction, it looks like it won’t make it in the near future either.
Chinese speaker are concentrated in 2 or 3 countries, Sapnish is the official language of more than 20 countries. Moreover, the fertility rate of Chins is low, lower than that of most countries in South America. China is below the replacement level 1.2 children/mother.
Which means that the number of Spanish Speakers in the future is on the rise, while the number of Chinese speakers is going to decrease or at best stabilize. Also we have to take into account that these people have emigrated to different parts of the world searching a better future, which they did not find in their countries of origin (China or India) and how they struggle to stay in develeped countries and never return to their countries of origin. Currently the migration of the population of South America is towards the same continent, and few people are moving to Europe or Notth America, it means that living conditions in South America have improved drastically, proof of this is that we see more and more Europeans living in South America, while the majority of migrants in the world still remain Asian population.
Spanish is the most important language of the U.S.A after English, which is the most powerful country in the world and has a lot of cultural influence across the globe. An like a natrual process is not hard to think that English and Spanish will merge into a new fused language in the future, thanks to angloamerican-southamerican migration. To the average oserver, it may seem as if the Spanish language is secure in the U.S. After all, there are now even more Spanish speakers in the states than in Spain.
In conclusion sheer numbers do not necessarily tell the true story about anything, there are probably more who speak Mandarin, but in terms of geogra´hy and business purpouses, English is more widely spoken, also we have to take into account the changes that has has English overtime, has been adapting, which I have not seen with the Mandarin. But you can see changes in the Spanish with th new foreign words that have been adapted. The Spanish has adapted to changes as well, if a language does not conform to the changes is doomed to dissapear.